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glossary of the great lakespage
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Wasteload Allocation WLA
Wastewater Treatment Plant WWTP
Water Quality Advisory Board
Water Quality Agreement of 1987
Water Quality Board
Water Quality Criteria
Water Quality Guidance for the Great Lakes System GLI
Water Quality Standard
Water Table
Water Use Classification
Waters of the State
Waters of the United States
Watershed
Western Lake Superior Region Resource Management Cooperative WLSRRMC
Western Lake Superior Sanitary District WLSSD
Wet Deposition
Wetland Conservation Act WCA
Wetland Conservation Act Rules WCAR
Wetland Mitigation
Wetlands
Whole Effluent Toxicity Test WET
Wildlife Criteria
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources WDNR
Wisconsin Lake Superior Basin Water Quality Management Plan

Wasteload Allocation WLA
The portion of a receiving water's total maximum daily load that is allocated to one of its existing or future point sources of pollution. WLAs constitute a type of water-quality-based effluent limitation. Related Programs - Water-related CFRs and Rules, Federal and State Statues

Wastewater Treatment Plant WWTP
A facility that receives sewage and stormwater from collection structures, then uses various levels of treatment to "purify" the water. Most modern publicly-owned treatment works in larger municipalities provide primary treatment, secondary treatment, tertiary treatment, and disinfection techniques to kill disease-producing organisms. Related Program - Western Lake Superior Sanitary District

Water Quality Advisory Board
See Great Lakes Water Quality Advisory Board

Water Quality Agreement of 1987
A binational agreement that amends the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement of 1978. Related Program - Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement

Water Quality Board
See Great Lakes Water Quality Advisory Board

Water Quality Criteria
Numeric or narrative expressions that specify concentrations of water constituents (such as toxic chemicals or heavy metals) which, if not exceeded, are expected to support an ecosystem suitable for protecting life in water and life dependent on water for its existence. States incorporate water quality criteria into their water quality standards to protect public health or welfare, enhance the quality of water, and serve the purposes of the Clean Water Act. Related Programs - Clean Water Act, 40 CFRs, MN Rule Chapter 7050

Water Quality Guidance for the Great Lakes System GLI
The official name for the Great Lakes Initiative. The final version of the guidance was published on March 23, 1995 and has regulatory implications. The guidance establishes minimum water quality standards, anti-degradation policies, and implementation procedures for waters in the Great Lakes System. Related Programs - Great Lakes Toxic Reduction Initiative, Great Lakes Toxic Reduction Effort, Clean Water Act

Water Quality Standard
A water quality standard defines the water quality goals of a water body, or thereof, by designating the use or uses to be made of the water, by setting water quality criteria necessary to protect the uses, and by preventing degradation of water quality through anti-degradation provisions. States adopt water quality standards to protect public health or welfare, enhance the quality of water, and serve the purposes of the Clean Water Act. Related Programs - Clean Water Act, 40 CFRs, MN Rule Chapter 7050

Water Table
The upper surface of the groundwater or that level below which the soil is saturated with water.

Water Use Classification
A classification of waters of the state contained in MN Rule Chapter 7050 for the purpose of water quality protection, consideration of the best use in the interest of the public, and other considerations. Water quality standards for each class of waters prescribe the quality of the water that is necessary for the designated uses, as follows: Class 1 waters are for domestic consumption; Class 2 waters for aquatic life and recreation; Class 3 waters for industrial consumption; Class 4 waters for agriculture and wildlife; Class 5 waters for aesthetic enjoyment and navigation; Class 6 waters for other uses; and Class 7 waters for limited resource value waters.

Waters of the State
A term used in Minnesota statutes and regulations that refers to all water bodies regulated by the state. They include streams, lakes, ponds, marshes, watercourses, waterways, wells, springs, reservoirs, aquifers, irrigation systems, drainage systems and all other bodies or accumulations of water, surface or underground, natural or artificial, public or private, which are contained within, flow through, or border upon the state of Minnesota or any portion thereof.

Waters of the United States
A term used in federal regulations that defines all water bodies regulated as waters of the U.S. It includes: (1) All waters which may be susceptible to use in interstate or foreign commerce; (2) All interstate waters including interstate wetlands; (3) All other waters such as intrastate lakes rivers, streams ( including intermittent streams), mud flats, sandflats, wetlands, sloughs, prairie potholes, wet meadows, playa lakes, or natural ponds, the use, degradation or destruction of which could affect interstate or foreign commerce including any such waters; (4) All impoundments of waters otherwise defined as waters of the United States; (5) Tributaries of waters identified in this section; (6) The territorial seas; (7) Wetlands adjacent to waters (other than waters that are themselves wetlands) identified in this section. Related Programs - Clean Water Act, 33 CFRs

Watershed
The drainage basin or area in which surface water drains toward a lake, stream, or river at a lower elevation. Related Programs - Coastal Zone Management Act, Wetland Conservation Act, Clean Water Act

Western Lake Superior Region Resource Management Cooperative WLSRRMC
A multi-agency/university assemblage established to coordinate programs in the Lake Superior Basin. It provides coordinated research, information exchange, and outreach and education program support. Its goal is to achieve full benefits of Lake Superior regional waters, air, fish, wildlife, forests, and wildlands and associated resources for their cultural, social, commercial, economic, and recreational utilization and enjoyment. Formed in 1989, the cooperative represents eight federal agencies, Wisconsin and Michigan DNRs, Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission, and six academic instituitions.

Western Lake Superior Sanitary District WLSSD
A local agency responsible for sewage treatment, hazardous household and solid waste collection, recycling, and waste disposal for a number of municipalities in the greater Duluth, MN, area.

Wet Deposition
The deposition of pollutants from the atmosphere that occurs during precipitation events. Acid rain is one form of wet deposition. Wet deposition is calculated by multiplying precipitation amounts by the pollutant concentration. Wet deposition rates are often very different than dry deposition rates.

Wetland Conservation Act WCA
A Minnesota statute that requires regulation for draining and filling activities in wetlands. This act amended various Minnesota statues (namely 103A, 103B, and 103C). Also referred to as Chapter 354.

Wetland Conservation Act Rules WCAR
See Minnesota Rule Chapter 8420.

Wetland Mitigation
A regulatory requirement to replace or enhance wetland areas destroyed or impacted by proposed land disturbances with artificially created or restored wetlands.

Wetlands
The lands transitional between terrestrial and aquatic systems where the water table is usually at or near the surface or the land is covered by shallow water. Wetlands must have a predominance of hydric soils; be inundated or saturated by surface water or groundwater at a frequency and duration sufficient to support a prevalence of hydrophytic vegetation. This is a legal definition and controversy still exists among scientists and policy makers as to how many of these characteristics must be present in order for an area to be defined as a wetland. Related Programs - Wetland Conservation Act, Wetland Conservation Act Rules, Clean Water Act, Section 404

Whole Effluent Toxicity Test WET
The total toxic effect of a complex effluent measured directly by a toxicity test. Related Program - 40 CFR, Great Lakes Initiative

Wildlife Criteria
Water quality criteria designed to protect wildlife. These are surface water concentrations of toxic substances that will cause no significant reduction in the viability or usefulness (in a commercial or recreational sense) of a population of animals that use the waters of the Great Lakes System as a drinking and/or foraging source over several generations. Related Program - Great Lakes Initiative

Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources WDNR
A Wisconsin state agency responsible for overall management of the state's natural resources and environmental quality.

Wisconsin Lake Superior Basin Water Quality Management Plan
Wisconsin's five-year blueprint for water quality. This plan, prepared by the WDNR will be used to set water quality management priorities in the Lake Superior Basin.

 

 

 

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