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glossary of the great lakespage
logointroductionguidance for useacknowledgements
a-zsection onesection two 

Section 1 contains an alphabetically arranged list of scientific terms, as well as state, federal, and international regulations, initiatives, and organizations. The glossary is designed to be useful both for gaining a general sense of what a term means and for getting more detailed answers to questions. Each of the longer entries begins with a simple overview statement, sufficient for many readers, followed by more detail. Terms printed in bold within a definition are defined elsewhere in the glossary. Acronyms are listed after each term.

 a
2,3,7,8, tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin TCDD
33 CFR 320-330
40 CFR
Abatement
Accumulation
Acid Deposition
Acid Rain
Acute Test
Acute Toxicity
Aerobic
Air Pollution Control Rules-Minnesota
Air Toxics
Air Toxics Strategy
Algae
Ambient Toxicity
Anaerobic
Anoxia
Anthropogenic
Anti-Backsliding
Anti-Degradation
Aquatic Life Criteria
Aquatic Nuisance Species ANS
Aquatic Nuisance Species Great Lakes Panel
Aquatic Nuisance Species Task Force
Area of Concern AOC
Army Corps of Engineers ACOE
Arrowhead Regional Development Commission ARDC
Atmospheric Deposition

b
Basin
Bayfield Institute
Beneficial Use
Beneficial Use-Impairment
Benthic
Benthic Invertebrate
Benthos
Best Available Control Technology BACT
Best Available Technology BAT
Best Management Practice BMP
Binational Policy Task Force
Binational Program
Bioaccumulation
Bioaccumulation Factor BAF
Bioaccumulative Chemicals of Concern BCCs
Bioassay
Bioavailability
Bioconcentration Factor BCF
Biocriteria
Bioindicator
Biological Control
Biological Criteria
Biological Oxygen Demand BOD
Biomagnification
Biomonitoring
Biosphere
Board of Water and Soil Resources BWSR
Boundary Waters
Boundary Waters Treaty
Broader Program
Bythotrephes BC

c
Canada/Ontario Agreement COA
Canadian Environmental Protection Act CEPA
Carcinogen
Causal (Candidate Critical) Pollutants
Center for Lake Superior Environmental Studies CLSES
Center for Water and the Environment CWE
Chlordane
Chlorinated Organic Compounds
Chlorination
Chlorine
Chronic Test
Chronic Toxicity
Clean Air Act CAA
Clean Air Act Amendments of 1990 1990 CAAA
Clean Water Act CWA
Clean Water Act Reauthorization CWAR
Coastal Waters
Coastal Zone Act Reauthorization Amendments of 1990
     CZARA

Coastal Zone Management Act CZMA
Code of Federal Regulations CFR
Combined Sewer Overflow
Comparative Risk Analysis
Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and
     Liability Act CERCLA, Superfund

Comprehensive Local Water Management Plan
Confined Disposal Facility CDF
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Council of Great Lakes Governors CGLG
Council of Great Lakes Industries CGLI
Council of Great Lakes Research Managers
County Water Plan
Criteria
Criteria Pollutants
Critical Pollutant

d
Decomposition
Designated Scientific and Natural Areas SNA
Designated Uses
Dichlorodiphenyltrichloro-ethane DDT
Dieldrin
Dioxin TCDD
Discharge
Discharge of Dredged or Fill Material
Duluth Seaway Port Authority
Duluth-Superior Port Plan

e
Ecological Risk Assessment
Ecosystem
Ecosystem Charter for the Great Lakes Basin
Ecosystem Indicator
Ecosystem Principles and Objectives for Lake Superior
Effluent
Effluent Limitation
Endangered Species Act ESA
Endangered Species Act Reauthorization ESAR
Environment Canada
Environmental Impact Assessment EIA
Environmental Impact Statement EIS
Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program EMAP
Environmental Protection Agency EPA
Environmental Research Laboratory - Duluth ERL-Duluth
Erosion
Estuary (Freshwater)
Eurasian Ruffe
Eurasian Watermilfoil
Eutrophic
Eutrophication
Exotic Species
Exposure
Exposure Assessment

f
Fecal Coliform
Federal Insecticide, Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act FIFRA
Federal Register
Federal Water Pollution Control Act FWPCA
Fill Material
Fish Consumption Advisory
Five-Year Strategy
Flushing Time

g
General Permit
Glossary of the Great Lakes GGL
Great Lakes
Great Lakes 2000 GL2000
Great Lakes Atmospheric Deposition Network
Great Lakes Basin
Great Lakes Charter
Great Lakes Commission
Great Lakes Critical Pollutants GLCP
Great Lakes Critical Programs Act
Great Lakes Enforcement Strategy
Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory GLERL
Great Lakes Fishery Commission GLFC
Great Lakes Five-Year Strategy (1992)
Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission GLIFWC
Great Lakes Information Network GLIN
Great Lakes Initiative GLI
Great Lakes Laboratory for Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences
     GLLFAS

Great Lakes Maritime Industry Voluntary Ballast Water
     Management Plan for the Control of Ruffe in Lake Superior

Great Lakes National Program Office GLNPO
Great Lakes Natural Resource Center
Great Lakes Protection Fund GLPF
Great Lakes Regional Office
Great Lakes Research Office
Great Lakes Science Advisory Board SAB
Great Lakes Sea Grant Network
Great Lakes Sport Fishing Council
Great Lakes States
Great Lakes States Air Permitting Agreement
Great Lakes System
Great Lakes Toxic Substances Control Agreement
Great Lakes Toxics Reduction Effort GLTxRE
Great Lakes Toxics Reduction Initiative GLTxRI
Great Lakes Water Quality Advisory Board
Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement GLWQA
Great Lakes Water Quality Guidance GLWQG
Great Lakes Water Quality Initiative GLWQI
Great Waters Study
Great Waters Program
Groundwater

h
Half-Life
Hazardous Air Pollutants HAPs
Hazardous Waste
Heavy Metals
Hexachlorobenzene HCB
House Great Lakes Task Force
Human Health Criteria
Hydric Soils
Hydrophytic Vegetation

i
Individual Permit
Industrial Waste
Inflow and Infiltration I and I
Institute for Lake Superior Research ILSR
Intake Credits
Integrated Great Lakes Atmospheric Deposition Network
     IGLADN

Integrated Pest Management IPM
International Association for Great Lakes Research IAGLR
International Joint Commission IJC
Interstate Waters
Invertebrates

j

k

l
Lacey Act
Lake Carriers Association
Lake Michigan Mass Balance Study
Lake Superior
Lake Superior Basin
Lake Superior Binational Forum
Lake Superior Binational Program to Restore and Protect the
     Lake Superior Basin

Lake Superior Biosphere Reserve
Lake Superior Center LSC
Lake Superior Lakewide Management Plan LaMP
Lake Superior Partnership
Lake Superior Pollution Prevention Strategy P2 Strategy
Lake Superior Pollution Prevention Team
Lake Superior Project
Lake Superior Research Institute LSRI
Lake Superior Task Force
Lakewatch Program
Lakewide Management Plan LaMP
Large Lakes Observatory LLO
Leachate
Legislative Commission on Minnesota Resources LCMR
Lethal Concentration 50% LC50
Lethal Dose 50% LD50
Levels Reference Study
Limited Resource Value Waters
Limnology
Load
Load Allocation LA
Load Capacity
Local Governmental Unit LGU
Lowest Observable Effect Concentration LOEC

m
Macrophytes
Management Measures MM
Mass Balance
Mercury Hg
Mesotrophic
Mid-Continent Ecology Division MED
Minnesota Acid Deposition Control Act
Minnesota Air Toxics Strategy
Minnesota Department of Health MDH
Minnesota Department of Natural Resources MN DNR, DNR
Minnesota Environmental Response and Liability Act MERLA
Minnesota Interagency Exotic Species Task Force Committee
Minnesota Pollution Control Agency MPCA, PCA
Minnesota Rule Chapter 6280
Minnesota Rule Chapter 7001
Minnesota Rule Chapter 7007
Minnesota Rule Chapter 7009
Minnesota Rule Chapter 7021
Minnesota Rule Chapter 7050
Minnesota Rule Chapter 7060
Minnesota Rule Chapter 8420
Minnesota Sea Grant
Minnesota Toxic Pollution Prevention Act TPPA
Mitigation
Mixing Zone
Multi-Media Inspections
Multimedia Risk
Municipal Industrial Strategy for Abatement MISA
Mutagen
Mutation

n
Nations Waters
National Ambient Air Quality Standards NAAQS
National Biological Service NBS
National Environmental Policy Act NEPA
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration NOAA
National Park Service NPS
National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System NPDES
National Priorities List NPL
National Sea Grant College Program NSGCP
Nationwide Permit NWP
Natural Resources Conservation Service NRCS
Natural Resources Research Institute NRRI
Naturalized Species
Navigable Waters
Neurotoxin
Nitrogen Oxides NOx
No Net Loss
No Observable Effect Concentration NOEC
Non-Chemical Stressors
Non-Indigenous Aquatic Nuisance Prevention and Control
     Act of 1990

Non-Indigenous Species
Nonpoint Source
Nonpoint Source Pollution NPS
North Shore Management Board NSMB
North Shore Management Plan NSMP
Northeast Minnesota Waste Exchange NMWE
Northeastern Minnesota Environmental and Economic Council
     NEMEEC

Nutrients

o
Octachlorostyrene OCS
Oligotrophic
Ontario Federation of Anglers and Hunters OFAH
Ontario Ministry of Natural Resources OMNR
Ordinary High Water Mark OHW
Organic Chemicals
Outfall
Outstanding International Resource Waters OIRW
Outstanding National Resource Waters ONRW
Outstanding Resource Value Waters ORVW
Ozone

p
Part 70 Permit
Particulates
Parts per Billion ppb
Parts per Million ppm
Parts per Thousand ppt
Periphyton
Persistent Toxic Substance
pH
Phytoplankton
Plankton
Point Source
Point Source Pollution
Pollutant
Pollution Prevention P2
Pollution Prevention Act of 1990
Polychlorinated Biphenyls PCBs
Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons PAHs
Pretreatment
Primary Productivity
Primary Treatment
Priority Pollutants
Program Office
Protected Waters
Public Waters
Public Waters Wetlands
Publicly Owned Treatment Works POTW
Purple Loofestrife

q
Quagga Mussel

r
Receiving Waters
Region 5
Regional Environmental Monitoring and Assessment Program
     REMAP

Regional Permit
Regulation
Remedial Action Plan RAP
Report to Congress on Toxic Air Deposition to the Great Waters
Residence Time
Resource Conservation and Recovery Act RCRA
Riparian Area
Rip-rap
Risk Assessment
Risk Management
Risk Reduction
Rivers and Harbors Act of 1899
River Watch
Ruffe
Ruffe Control Plan
Ruffe Control Task Force Committee
Rule

s
St. Louis River Management Plan
St. Louis River Remedial Action Plan St. Louis River RAP
St. Louis Riverwatch
Science Advisory Board SAB
Scientific and Natural Areas SNA
Sea Grant
Sea Lamprey
Sea Lamprey Control Program
Secchi Disk Depth SDD
Secondary Treatment
Section 10 10
Section 118 118
Section 305 (b) 305(b)
Section 319 319
Section 401 401
Section 402 402
Section 404 404
Section 6217 6217
Sediments
Seiche
Sequencing
Shorelands
Shoreland Management Program
Sigurd Olson Environmental Institute
Site-Specific Criteria
Soil and Water Conservation Districts SWCDs
Soil Conservation Service SCS
Source Reduction
Special Designation
Standard
State Implementation Plan SIP
State of the Lake Superior Basin Reporting Series SOTLSBRS
State of the Lakes Ecosystem Conference SOLEC
State Shoreland Management Plan
Statute
Storm Sewers
Storm Water
Stressor
Sulfur Dioxide SO2
Sunsetting
Superfund
Superfund Amendment Reauthorization Act SARA
Superior Lakewatch
Superior Work Group
Surface Water

t
Teratogen
Tertiary Treatment
Thermal Stratification
Total Maximum Daily Load TMDL
Toxaphene
Toxic Pollutant
Toxic Substances
Toxic Substances Management in the Great Lakes
Basin Through the Permitting Process Agreement

Toxicity
Toxicity Test

u
U.S. Army Corps of Engineers ACOE
U.S. Ballast Water Management Regulation
U.S. Coast Guard USCG
U.S. Coast Guard Auxiliary CGAUX
U.S. Code USC
U.S. Department of Agriculture USDA
U.S. Department of Agriculture - Animal and Plant Health
     Inspection Service APHIS

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency EPA or U.S. EPA
U.S. Geological Survey USGS

v
Variance
Virtual Elimination
Virtual Elimination Pilot Project
Virtual Elimination Strategy
Virtual Elimination Task Force
Volatile Organic Compounds VOCs
Voluntary PCB Phasedown Program

w
Wasteload Allocation WLA
Wastewater Treatment Plant WWTP
Water Quality Advisory Board
Water Quality Agreement of 1987
Water Quality Board
Water Quality Criteria
Water Quality Guidance for the Great Lakes System GLI
Water Quality Standard
Water Table
Water Use Classification
Waters of the State
Waters of the United States
Watershed
Western Lake Superior Region Resource Management
     Cooperative WLSRRMC

Western Lake Superior Sanitary District WLSSD
Wet Deposition
Wetland Conservation Act WCA
Wetland Conservation Act Rules WCAR
Wetland Mitigation
Wetlands
Whole Effluent Toxicity Test WET
Wildlife Criteria
Wisconsin Department of Natural Resources WDNR
Wisconsin Lake Superior Basin Water Quality Management
     Plan

x

y

z
Zebra Mussel
Zero Discharge
Zero Discharge Demonstration Program
Zone of Initial Dilution ZID
Zooplankton

 

 

 

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 www.seagrant.umn.edu /pubs/ggl/sec1.html modified December 4, 2012