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glossary of the great lakespage
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General Permit
Glossary of the Great Lakes GGL
Great Lakes
Great Lakes 2000 GL2000
Great Lakes Atmospheric Deposition Network
Great Lakes Basin
Great Lakes Charter
Great Lakes Commission
Great Lakes Critical Pollutants GLCP
Great Lakes Critical Programs Act
Great Lakes Enforcement Strategy
Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory GLERL
Great Lakes Fishery Commission GLFC
Great Lakes Five-Year Strategy (1992)
Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission GLIFWC
Great Lakes Information Network GLIN
Great Lakes Initiative GLI
Great Lakes Laboratory for Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences GLLFAS
Great Lakes Maritime Industry Voluntary Ballast Water
Management Plan for the Control of Ruffe in Lake Superior

Great Lakes National Program Office GLNPO
Great Lakes Natural Resource Center
Great Lakes Protection Fund GLPF
Great Lakes Regional Office
Great Lakes Research Office
Great Lakes Science Advisory Board SAB
Great Lakes Sea Grant Network
Great Lakes Sport Fishing Council
Great Lakes States
Great Lakes States Air Permitting Agreement
Great Lakes System
Great Lakes Toxic Substances Control Agreement
Great Lakes Toxics Reduction Effort GLTxRE
Great Lakes Toxics Reduction Initiative GLTxRI
Great Lakes Water Quality Advisory Board
Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement GLWQA
Great Lakes Water Quality Guidance GLWQG
Great Lakes Water Quality Initiative GLWQI
Great Waters Study
Great Waters Program
Groundwater

General Permit
An Army Corps of Engineers authorization that is issued on a nationwide or regional basis for categories of human activities within navigable waters of the U.S.  General permits are issued when: (1)these activities are substantially similar in nature and cause only minimal individual and cumulative environmental impacts; or (2) the general permit would result in avoiding unnecessary duplication of the regulatory control exercised by another federal, state, or local agency provided it has been determined that the environmental consequences of the action are individually and cumulatively minimal. There are three types of general permits, Regional Permits, Nationwide Permits, and Programmative Permits. Related Programs - Section 404, 33 CFR

Glossary of the Great Lakes GGL
You are reading it!

Great Lakes
Lake Ontario, Lake Erie, Lake Huron (including Lake St. Clair), Lake Michigan, and Lake Superior, and the connecting channels (Saint Marys River, Saint Clair River, Detroit River, Niagara River, and Saint Lawrence River to the Canadian border).

Great Lakes 2000 GL2000
Led and implemented by Environment Canada, GL2000 is based on a vision of sustainable development in the Great Lakes Basin, with specific objectives of restoring degraded ecosystems, preventing and controlling pollutant impacts, and conserving human and ecosystem health. Other participating federal agencies include the Department of Fisheries and Oceans, Health Canada, Agriculture and Agri-food Canada, Transport Canada, Canadian Heritage, and Public Works and Government Service Canada.

Great Lakes Atmospheric Deposition Network
See Integrated Great Lakes Atmospheric Deposition Network.

Great Lakes Basin
See Great Lakes System.

Great Lakes Charter
An international organization formed in 1985 by the premiers of Ontario and Quebec and the governors of the eight Great Lakes States in response to the increased interest in diverting Great Lakes water to arid regions of the U.S. The charter does not encourage these diversion proposals but has no enforcement powers to prevent their implementation.

Great Lakes Commission
A Great Lakes States organization formed in 1955 by the states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin to promote a cleaner environment, stronger economy and better quality of life for residents of the Great Lakes States. Although Canada is not an official member of the commission, it is on the task force. Through policy development, intergovernmental coordination, and advocacy, the commission offers a variety of services to member states, and provides a unified and influential regional voice on policy, program and legislative matters affecting the Great Lakes. It maintains an active observer program with representation from federal agencies, provincial governments, regional organizations and tribal authorities. The commission also maintains the Great Lakes Information Network and initiated the Ecosystem Charter for the Great Lakes Basin.

Great Lakes Critical Pollutants GLCP
Substances (a total of 138) currently identified as most critical to improving water quality under four major Great Lakes Initiatives: The Great Lakes Water Quality Initiative, the Lake Michigan Lakewide Management Plan, the Lake Ontario/Niagara River Four Party agreement, and the Lake Superior Binational Program Agreement. Each of the four initiatives may define critical pollutants differently.

Great Lakes Critical Programs Act
Federal legislation in which Congress amended Section 118 of the Clean Water Act in 1990 to improve the effectiveness of EPA's existing programs in the Great Lakes. The Critical Programs Act established the Great Lakes Water Quality Initiative and identified key treaty agreements between the United States and Canada in the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement. The act required the EPA to establish statutory deadlines for treaty activities and increased federal resources for the program. It also requires the EPA to publish proposed water quality guidelines for the Great Lakes System. The guidelines must specify minimum requirements for waters in the Great Lakes system in three areas: water quality standards; anti-degradation policies; and implementation procedures. Related Programs - Clean Water Act, Great Lakes Initiative

Great Lakes Enforcement Strategy
A federal program that is a joint effort of the eight Great Lakes States and the EPA. The strategy is a part of the process for implementing the Great Lakes Five-Year Strategy for the National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System program by reducing dischargers non-compliance in the Great Lakes Basin and reducing toxics loading. A key element of the strategy is the use of screening criteria that are more stringent than the national definition of significant non-compliance.

Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratory GLERL
A federal research facility run by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration located in Ann Arbor, Michigan. The GLERL's mission is "to conduct integrated, interdisciplinary environmental research in support of resource management and environmental services in coastal and estuarine water, with special emphasis on the Great Lakes." GLERL's research provides federal, state, and international decision and policy makers with scientific understanding of:

  • sources, pathways, and fates of toxicants
  • natural hazards
  • ecosystems and their interactions
  • hydrology and Great Lakes water levels
  • regional effects related to global climate change.
Related Programs - National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Great Lakes Fishery Commission GLFC
An international organization established in 1955 by Canada and the United States. Located in Ann Arbor, MI the GLFC works to improve the Great Lakes fishery, coordinate efforts of the two nations, and implement management of the sea lamprey. The commission also advises the two governments on other non-indigenous species. The USFWS is the U.S. agency that acts for the commission. Related Programs - United States Fish and Wildlife Service (Dept. of Fisheries and Oceans), Sea Lamprey Control Program

Great Lakes Five-Year Strategy (1992)
A federal (EPA) program that commits the states, tribes, and U.S. federal agencies responsible for environmental protection and resource management in the Great Lakes Basin to achieving specific environmental goals. This overarching EPA strategy provides a framework for EPAs Great Lakes Programs and contains three major areas of focus: reduction of toxic pollutants; restoration of habitat; and protection of the health of all species. Specifically, in the area of toxics reduction, set forth in the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement with Canada, the strategy calls for "...reducing the level of toxic substances in the Great Lakes System with an emphasis on persistent toxic substances, so that all organisms are adequately protected and toxic substances are virtually eliminated from the Great Lakes ecosystem." Related Programs - National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System

Great Lakes Indian Fish and Wildlife Commission GLIFWC
An organization of Native American tribes from Michigan, Wisconsin, and Minnesota that assists member tribes in the management of natural resources, in ecosystem protection, and in the development of institutions of tribal self-government.

Great Lakes Information Network GLIN
A nationwide Internet information exchange service for the Great Lakes Basin. GLIN ties together a host of databases and file servers from a wide range of government and academic groups in an easy-to-access format. Maintained by the Great Lakes Commission. Related Programs - Great Lakes Commission

Great Lakes Initiative GLI
The commonly used name for the Water Quality Guidance for the Great Lakes System, the federal guidance, drafted in 1993 and finalized on March 23, 1995, that has regulatory implications. The guidance establishes minimum water quality standards, anti-degradation policies, and implementation procedures for waters in the Great Lakes System. Related Program - Great Lakes Toxic Reduction Initiative, Great Lakes Toxic Reduction Effort, Clean Water Act

Great Lakes Laboratory for Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences GLLFAS
As a component of the Bayfield Institute, this Canadian laboratory conducts research on the persistence and impacts of toxic chemicals on Great Lakes fish communities and food chains and studies fish habitat for factors that affect production, species associations, and rehabilitation potential of fish stocks. It is also responsible for implementing the federal Fish Health Regulations for Ontario. Research helps support the 1987 Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement and binational concerns related to the long-range transport of atmospheric pollutants.

Great Lakes Maritime Industry Voluntary Ballast Water Management Plan for the Control of Ruffe in Lake Superior
Co-sponsored by the maritime shipping industry Great Lakes-wide, the plan is designed to reduce the risk that commercial vessels will transport the Eurasian ruffe in ballast water from Duluth-Superior harbor to other ports. It requires that ballast water be exchanged in deep, cold water areas of Lake Superior. Commonly referred to as the Voluntary Ballast Water Management Plan.

Great Lakes National Program Office GLNPO
A federal EPA office created in 1978 to oversee the U.S. fulfillment of its obligations under the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement with Canada. It was mandated by the Clean Water Act in 1987 to be responsible for coordinating the U.S. response to the water quality agreement. Located in Chicago, IL, GLNPO is made up of scientists, engineers, and other professionals who work with staff throughout the EPA, Great Lake States, other federal agencies, Environment Canada, Ontario Provincial government, International Joint Commission, colleges, universities, and the public. GLNPO developed the Great Lakes Five-Year Strategy to focus the activities of these groups on the following objectives: reduction of toxic substance levels, protection and restoration of habitats, and the protection of health. Related Programs - Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, Environmental Protection Agency, Great Lakes Five-Year Strategy, International Joint Commission

Great Lakes Natural Resource Center
A center, located in Ann Arbor, MI and run by the National Wildlife Federation, a private wildlife protection group. Their Lake Superior Project focuses on the environmental problems of Lake Superior.

Great Lakes Protection Fund GLPF
A program initiated by the governors of the Great Lakes as the United States first multi-state environmental endowment, the fund is guided by principles stressing regional cooperation and communication with the purpose of promoting a healthy and sustainable Great Lakes ecosystem.

Great Lakes Regional Office
See Great Lakes Water Quality Advisory Board.

Great Lakes Research Office
This federal office, administered by the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, identifies issues relating to Great Lakes resources on which research is needed, inventories existing research programs, establishes a mechanism for information exchange, and conducts research through the Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratories, the National Sea Grant College Program, and other federal labs and the private sector. Related Programs - Clean Water Act, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Great Lakes Environmental Research Laboratories, National Sea Grant College Program

Great Lakes Science Advisory Board SAB
See Science Advisory Board.

Great Lakes Sea Grant Network
A U.S. network consisting of Sea Grant programs in Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, and New York.

Great Lakes Sport Fishing Council
A binational organization of the Great Lakes sportfishing community concerned with the present and future health of sportfishing, natural resources, and the Great Lakes ecosystem in general.

Great Lakes States
The states of Illinois, Indiana, Michigan, Minnesota, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, and Wisconsin.

Great Lakes States Air Permitting Agreement
A federal program signed by the environmental administrators of the Great Lakes States in 1988 to assure consistent implementation of the Toxic Substances Management in the Great Lakes Basin Through the Permitting Process Agreement.

Great Lakes System
All the streams, rivers, lakes, and other bodies of water within the drainage basin of the Great Lakes.

Great Lakes Toxic Substances Control Agreement
An interstate agreement signed by the governors of the eight Great Lakes States in 1986, this agreement seeks uniform water quality standards for the Great Lakes. The purpose of the governors' agreement was to establish a framework for coordinated regional action in controlling toxic substances entering the Great Lakes system.

Great Lakes Toxics Reduction Effort GLTxRE
This is a federal/state partnership that seeks to reduce the generation and release of toxics to the Great Lakes Basin, with an emphasis on nonpoint sources. It supports the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement and Great Lakes Five-Year Strategy. EPA and the Great Lakes States have established a process to deal with gaps or barriers to effectively preventing, controlling, or eliminating toxics loadings from nonpoint sources. An EPA team works with federal and state Great Lakes agencies to enhance efforts to reduce Great Lakes critical pollutants through three parallel projects: Virtual Elimination, Lake Michigan Mass Balance, and source pathway analysis. Related Programs - Great Lakes Initiative

Great Lakes Toxics Reduction Initiative GLTxRI
The original name for the Great Lakes Toxics Reduction Effort.

Great Lakes Water Quality Advisory Board
A binational advisory group to the International Joint Commission to assist in evaluating progress by Canada and the U.S. in accomplishing the Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement goals and to make recommendations regarding the development and implementation of programs. Related Programs - Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement, International Joint Commission

Great Lakes Water Quality Agreement GLWQA
An international agreement signed by the United States and Canada in 1972 and updated in 1987. The agreement seeks to restore and maintain full beneficial uses of the Great Lakes System. Language committing the two nations to virtually eliminate the input of persistent toxic substances in order to protect human health and living aquatic resources was included when the agreement was updated in 1978. The philosophy adopted by the two governments is zero discharge of such substances. Related Programs - Lakewide Management Program, Remedial Action Plans

Great Lakes Water Quality Guidance GLWQG
See Water Quality Guidance for the Great Lakes System and the Great Lakes Initiative. Related Programs - Great Lakes Toxic Reduction Initiative, Clean Water Act

Great Lakes Water Quality Initiative GLWQI
A federal program initiated in 1989 by the EPA and the Great Lakes States to further address the environmental concerns identified in the Great Lakes Toxic Substances Control Agreement. The GLWQI was intended to provide a forum for the Great Lakes States and the EPA to develop uniform water quality criteria and implementation procedures for the Great Lakes Basin so as to create an even playing field for all industries in the region. This was proposed in 1993 as the Water Quality Guidance for the Great Lakes System. Related Programs - Great Lakes Toxic Reduction Initiative, Great Lakes Initiative

Great Waters Study
See Great Waters Program.

Great Waters Program
This program was mandated by Title III of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments to assess the extent of atmospheric deposition of hazardous air pollutants to the Great Lakes and other designated waters. It includes setting up the Great Lakes Atmospheric Deposition Network and reporting the monitoring results from the network to investigate sources and deposition rates of air toxics, to find out what proportion of pollutants come from the atmosphere, and to evaluate any harmful effects to public health or the environment. Related Programs - 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments

Groundwater
Water that occurs beneath the ground surface in soils and geologic formations.

 

 

 

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