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Program Milestones

1963
University of Minnesota professor Athelstan Spilhaus proposes the U.S. Sea Grant college concept.
1966
National Sea Grant College Program funded by federal government.
1975
Minnesota Marine Advisory Service established on Duluth campus with a budget of $35,000.
1976
First issue of the Seiche newsletter distributed.
The Edge of the Arrowhead published.
1977
Lloyd Smith is named as Minnesota Sea Grant’s first director.
The University of Minnesota Sea Grant Program is established and funds four fisheries research projects.
1978
Lloyd Smith dies.
1979
Director’s office founded on the St. Paul Campus.
10 traineeships (graduate research fellowships) made available on 8 projects.
1980
Donald McNaught is named Minnesota Sea Grant Director until 1991.
1981
Institutional status awarded.
Hypothermia suit research stimulates production of three products, grossing $1 million for Stearns Inc., a manufacturer of suits and flotation devices.
Sea Camps draw about 400 children to week-long sessions.
American Indians in Marine Science (AIMS) program begins.
1982
Hypothermia Causes, Effects, and Prevention published.
1983
Lawrence the Lake Trout retires.
Researchers discover a way to freeze fish sperm without damaging viability, greatly aiding aquaculture operations and hatcheries.
1984
Diving reflex discovery changes the way people submerged in cold water are revived.
1985
College status awarded (highest award for a Sea Grant program).
Submersible takes researchers to bottom of Lake Superior for the first time.
1986
First investigations conducted into the legal and economic aspects of diverting water from Lake Superior.
1987
Researchers reveal that atmospheric deposition is a major cause of PCB pollution in water; results used as evidence to ban toxaphene.
1988
New technique improves detection of fish virus.
University of Minnesota graduates receive Knauss Marine Policy Fellowships for the first time.
1989
Genetic engineering using a fish gene offers a way to correct flawed DNA.
1990
Omega-3 fatty acid content of siscowet trout intrigues health experts.
1991
Minnesota exporter processes and ships tons of crayfish to Sweden with Sea Grant help.
Zebra Mussel Information Center (now AIS Information Center).
1994
Michael McDonald is named Minnesota Sea Grant Director until 1998.
Director’s office moves to Duluth Campus.
Biotechnology Risk Assessment examines Minnesota’s ability to regulate genetically modified organisms.
1995
Minnesota Sea Grant goes online with information using the Gopher system.
Minnesota Water Line answers phone calls until 2000.
Teachers learn the multicultural and environmental histories of the region through the Gitchi Gumee Institute.
1996
Biocontrol of sea lampreys show promise as researchers discover important pheromone cues.
Market for Great Lakes sea lamprey in Portugal and Spain demonstrated.
Exotic Species Traveling Trunks become available.
1997
Weevils show potential to control Eurasian watermilfoil.
Treasures Under Pressure workshop unites North Shore residents and agency personnel.
1998
Water on the Web enters classrooms with real-time data from lakes.
1999
Carl Richards is named Minnesota Sea Grant Director until 2005.
Researchers show microorganisms facilitate the carbon cycle and make contaminants more available in Lake Superior’s food web.
International conference on aquatic invasive species draws 400 scientists to Duluth.
2000
Thirty teachers learn new aquatic science lessons through Water, Webs, and Widgets.
2001
Researchers find that endocrine disrupters common in wastewater generate female traits in male fish.
National discussion held regarding managing genetically modified organisms.
2002
Fish genetics work results in Discovery Genomics, Inc., and over $5 million in grants.
Northland Nonpoint Education for Municipal Officials (NEMO) is established.
Superior Science for You speaker series sparks conversations and a companion book about Lake Superior research.
DuluthStreams.org launched.
2003
Leech Lake Band gets help contending with Superfund Site clean-up from Sea Grant.
The "View From the Lake" begins bringing outreach aboard the L.L. Smith, Jr.
2004
Financial administration moves from Twin Cities Campus to Duluth Campus.
Responses to pheromones suggest invasive ruffe may be controlled in harbors.
Guided cruises show North Shore residents coastal planning challenges.
Aquarists and water gardeners begin finding Habitattitude project messages nationwide.
Initiative links UMD Education Department volunteers with Great Lakes Aquarium programs.
2005
Experts brought to Duluth to investigate possible causes for steel corrosion in harbor.
Workshop teaches stewardship to lake property owners.
New Maritime Educator position is instated.
Listening to the Lake radio series airs on KUMD and WTIP-Grand Marais.
2006
Steve Bortone is named new Director in October.
Minnesota Sea Grant staff prepare report on Genetic Methods for Biological Control of Non- native Fish for the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service.
Great Lakes Center for Ocean Science Education Excellence (COSEE) website initiated.
2007
Superior Science News, Minnesota Sea Grant's radio series, debuts
on KUWS (91.3 FM).
Ask a Scientist speakers series attracts audiences in Grand Marais and Duluth.
Making a Great Lake Superior Conference is held in Duluth.
Sea Grant provides stream mercury information to protect trout streams and coastal Lake Superior.
2008
First Minnesota Invasive Species Conference held in October.
Scientists find bird and human E. coli in wild fish.
Sources of beach-closing E. coli identified.
2009
Jeff Gunderson named new Director.
The Sea Grant Files and Catching Up With Aquatic Science, Minnesota Sea Grant's radio series, debut on KUMD Radio (103.3FM) .
Facebook, Twitter posts, YouTube videos, RSS feeds and podcasts become common.
2010
First Genetic Bio-Control Conference in Minneapolis to deal with invasive species.
The Watershed Game, a board game used to educate municipal officials about best water management practices, becomes available.
The Great Lakes Ballast Water Collaborative sets the pace for standardizing U.S. ballast water regulations and investigating treatment technologies for minimizing the risk of spreading aquatic organisms through ballast water.
2011
The first A Salute to Lake Superior's Sustainable Fisheries, a professional chef cook-off using Lake Superior lake herring (a.k.a. cisco) is hosted in Minneapolis.
(In Celebration of Ciscos video)
Northland's NewsCenter partners with Minnesota Sea Grant to broadcast aquatic science to Northland viewers once a month.
Researchers discover the novel mechanism causing accelerated corrosion in freshwater ports.
 
Find Minnesota Sea Grant milestones from 2010 onward within the National Sea Grant website's searchable archives.

This page last modified on February 13, 2017     © 1996 – 2017 Regents of the University of Minnesota     The University of Minnesota is an equal opportunity educator and employer.
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